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cURL with PHP for RESTful APIs

The cURL library is ideal and complete for anyone who wants to make requests or transfer data through the backend of their applications. With cURL, in addition to simple requests such as GET and POST, it is possible to make requests using other protocols such as FTP, POP, IMAP, and others.

Before we start, we have to call the function that will make our development work.

Configuring in practice

When we start the cURL resource, we can use parameters that will configure our request. Below are some important parameters:


CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT – Seconds trying to connect until timeout

CURLOPT_TIMEOUT – Limit seconds for cURL execution

CURLOPT_USERAGENT – String containing a user-agent

CURLOPT_USERAGENT – String containing a user-agent

CURLOPT_PORT – Port report

CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER – Request headers

CURLOPT_POST – Send the request as POST

CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS – Information array sent as POST

To inform a parameter, we must use the curl_setopt() function and, if necessary, we can send more than one parameter using the curl_setopt_array() function, as in the examples below:

Example 01:

Example 02:


Now, that we understand how to configure our submission, let’s use the curl_exec() function that execute our submission. When sending, we can come across two responses, false, which refers to when there is an error in the execution of the request, and true, which occurs when making a request.

In addition to the functions and results presented above, it is important that, when the request ends, the cURL is closed to clean up the resources currently being used. And for that, I have prepared examples below that you can copy and paste into your application if you need to.




Over time you will become familiar with the library, and with that, you will begin to identify which errors can happen and should be treated, for this, you can use the functions curl_error() (returns in string format) and curl_errno() (returns in code format).

With this knowledge, you will be able to explore and use RESTful APIs in several projects and mobile applications efficiently, as the largest companies in the world use today.

Written by
Luccas Marra do Amaral

My name is Luccas Marra do Amaral born in Rio de Janeiro/Brazil, and have been working in the technology field since 2005. I have worked as a project manager and team manager on numerous projects, FullStack programmer and websites developer, web systems, and applications for IOS and Android. I have experience and knowledge as a designer in the most diverse programming languages ​​and current frameworks.

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